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      Thomas H. Ince

      Thomas H. Ince

      Highest Rated: 83% Civilization (1916)

      Lowest Rated: 83% Civilization (1916)

      Birthday: Nov 6, 1882

      Birthplace: Newport, Rhode Island, USA

      Usually considered the father of the moviemaking studio system, Thomas H. Ince was a true innovator, defining the creative and industrial role of producer, institutionalizing the continuity script, and as early as 1912, constructing the blueprint for departmentalized, factory-like studio filmmaking that would become the town's model. Ince brought discipline and structure to the haphazard film industry, placed great emphasis on hiring technicians with their own specialties instead of tackling all facets of the project on his own; because of this he became one of the most important forces in early American cinema. Upon his arrival to Hollywood in 1912, he built and acquired what became Inceville, a fully-equipped moviemaking facility that became the first modern Hollywood studio. It was there that he helped steer Hollywood toward feature films with the five-reel epic, "The Battle of Gettysburg" (1913), which was since been lost to time. Meanwhile, he formed the Triangle Film Corporation with D.W. Griffith and Mack Sennett, and released some of his most notable films, including "The Italian" (1915), "The Coward" (1915), "Hell's Hinges" (1916) and his most famous production, "Civilization" (1916). He later formed Thomas H. Ince Studios in 1918, which became the Culver Studios later in the decade, but by this time his power began to wane, thanks to the larger studios adopting his methods and using their vaster sums of wealth to gain a more solid foothold. Making fewer movies, Ince oversaw the anti-drug exposé "Human Wreckage" (1923) and the adaptation of Eugene O'Neil's "Anna Christie" (1923). But before he could rebound, Ince died of a heart attack while aboard a yacht owned by William Randolph Hearst, though rumors swirled that the publishing mogul accidentally shot him while aiming for Charlie Chaplin, who was having an affair with Hearst's mistress, Marion Davies. Though no solid proof existed of the accusation, Ince nonetheless became forever associated with 1920s scandal-laden Hollywood despite the many innovations he made that were still being utilized in the 21st century.

      Filmography

      Movies

      Credit
      No Score Yet No Score Yet The Hottentot Producer - 1922
      No Score Yet No Score Yet "Blue Blazes" Rawden Producer - 1918
      No Score Yet No Score Yet The Tiger Man Producer - 1918
      No Score Yet No Score Yet Shark Monroe Producer - 1918
      No Score Yet No Score Yet The Square Deal Man Producer - 1917
      No Score Yet No Score Yet The Clodhopper Producer - 1917
      No Score Yet No Score Yet The Desert Man Producer - 1917
      No Score Yet No Score Yet The Cold Deck Producer - 1917
      No Score Yet No Score Yet Wolf Lowry Producer - 1917
      No Score Yet No Score Yet The Return of Draw Egan Producer - 1916
      83% No Score Yet Civilization Producer - 1916
      No Score Yet No Score Yet The Gun Fighter Producer - 1916
      No Score Yet No Score Yet The Honorable Algy Producer - 1916
      No Score Yet 56% Hell's Hinges Producer - 1916
      No Score Yet No Score Yet Criminal Producer - 1916
      No Score Yet No Score Yet The Captive God Producer - 1916
      No Score Yet No Score Yet The Wolf Woman Producer - 1916
      No Score Yet No Score Yet Knight of the Trail Screenwriter - 1915
      No Score Yet No Score Yet The Man from Nowhere Producer - 1915
      No Score Yet No Score Yet The Alien Director,
      Producer
      - 1915
      No Score Yet 58% The Italian Writer,
      Producer
      - 1915
      No Score Yet No Score Yet The Coward Director,
      Screenwriter,
      Producer
      - 1915
      No Score Yet No Score Yet The Typhoon Producer - 1914
      No Score Yet No Score Yet The Last of the Line Director - 1914
      No Score Yet No Score Yet The Bargain Screenwriter,
      Producer
      - 1914
      No Score Yet No Score Yet The Drummer of the 8th Director,
      Producer
      - 1913
      No Score Yet No Score Yet Granddad Director,
      Screenwriter,
      Producer
      - 1913
      No Score Yet No Score Yet The Battle of Gettysburg Director,
      Screenwriter,
      Executive Producer
      - 1913
      No Score Yet No Score Yet The Indian Massacre Director - 1912
      No Score Yet 40% The Invaders Director,
      Producer
      - 1912
      No Score Yet No Score Yet The Dream Director - 1911
      No Score Yet No Score Yet A Manly Man Director - 1911
      No Score Yet No Score Yet The Cardinal's Conspiracy Unknown (Character) - 1909